[Courses] [security] Crypto Scientists Crack Prime Problem
Mary
mary-linuxchix at puzzling.org
Tue Aug 13 21:36:13 EST 2002
On Tue, Aug 13, 2002, Hamster wrote:
> I thought that if you multiplied *any* two numbers together, the
> result could *never* be prime because you now have instantly at least
> 4 factors - 1, itself and the two numbers you just multiplied. Is
> this correct? Or have I somehow missed a second definition of prime?
No that's correct. In RSA, the two numbers are multiplied to produce a
large *composite* (not prime, has non-unit factors) number. Even before
this result, it was possibly to show that it is *likely* that number X
is a prime fairly quickly. The slow bit is factorising a large composite
number into its smaller prime factors, and this is why breaking RSA by
brute force is slow.
-Mary
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