[Techtalk] Loop/wildcard-like syntax for GNU make?

Akkana Peck akkana at shallowsky.com
Wed Apr 18 02:40:07 UTC 2007

Kelly Jones writes:
> Here's a Makefile that converts 3 GIFs to JPGs in a given directory:

Seems like a script or shell alias would be a better solution than a
Makefile, but I'll assume that this is part of some larger process
that needs to use make.

> 1.jpg: 1.gif
>       /usr/local/bin/convert 1.gif 1.jpg
> 2.jpg: 2.gif
>       /usr/local/bin/convert 2.gif 2.jpg
> 3.jpg: 3.gif
>       /usr/local/bin/convert 3.gif 3.jpg
> How do I generalize this to apply to ALL the GIFs in a given
> directory? I tried:
> *.jpg: *.gif
>       /usr/bin/local/bin/convert $1.gif $1.jpg
> but this obviously doesn't work (I didn't really expect it to). Neither does
> for $i (*.jpg) {
> $i.jpg: $i.gif
>        /usr/bin/local/bin/convert $i.gif $i.jpg
> }

You could try something like this (disclaimer: I haven't tested it):

JPEGS =  $(wildcard *.jpg)

GIFS = $(subst .jpg,.gif,$(JPEGS))

	 /usr/bin/local/bin/convert $@ $<

all: $(GIFS)

You'll probably need to tweak that a bit.  You can learn more about
making rules like .jpg.gif here:
and the other bits (wildcard and subst) are also discussed in that

    "Beginning GIMP: From Novice to Professional": http://gimpbook.com

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