[Courses][Linux comands] Runlevels! part deux- console switching

Carla Schroder carla at bratgrrl.com
Tue Mar 30 22:19:08 EST 2004

Yes, Linux user, you can have it all. To switch from an X session to one of 
the consoles:

$ Ctrl+ Alt+Fn

where Fn is F1-F6.

Switch between consoles:

$ Alt+Fn

Switch back to X:

$ Alt+F7

Open a second X session, do this from a console. The first X session is 
always :0

$ startx -- :1

Make sure there is a space on either side of the double hyphen. This one 
belongs to F8. Don't log into two X sessions as the same user, strange and 
bad  tconflicts will occur. You can create as many X sessions as you have 
available  consoles and system resources for.

When you start X from a console, all of the debugging messages and background 
mutterings can be seen on the console. KDE is especially talkative, like it's 
on a coffee jag. Most of it is not significant, but sometimes it's useful for 

Carla Schroder
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