[Courses] Some gcc options
mary-linuxchix at puzzling.org
Tue Jul 16 00:26:07 EST 2002
The GNU Compiler Collection (gcc) is the most common C compiler found on
Linux systems. It is a command line compiler. These examples assume that
you are in the directory where your source file (I have called it
source.c here, just name them something.c)
The simplest gcc command:
This produces a file in the current directory called a.out, which is
executable. You can run it with the command "./a.out" (./ means look in
the current directory rather than $PATH)
Some flags you should use:
gcc -Wall -pedantic source.c
These turn on extra warnings.
These warnings are things that gcc considers compilable, but abnormal.
For example, a memory address, which you store in a pointer, is just
an integer. But if you try and set an integer equal to the memory
address stored in a pointer, gcc picks up that you probably aren't
storing a *value* in the int, but an *address of a value*, or the
address where the value is kept, and will warn you.
Now, supposing you want to produce a file that is not called "a.out",
you would do something like
gcc -Wall -pedantic -o myProgram source.c
and then you can execute "./myProgram"
Quick Warning: There is often already a executable on your system called
"test". By default it prints no output. While you could still call your
output file "test" and execute it with "./test", many people have
wondered why their test file produces no output when run!
Quick Warning #2: The name directly after the -o is where gcc will write
to. I once destroyed several hours work by typing "gcc -Wall -pedantic
-o source.c myProgram" - which compiled over the top of source.c !
If you want to compile several C files into one program:
gcc -Wall -pedantic [-o myProgram] source1.c source2.c source3.c
 Each location in memory has a unique address, which is just a
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